India is developing at a very rapid speed today resulting in great urban expansion. It has some of the world’s most populous metropolitan areas like New Delhi, Hyderabad, Bangalore etc.
With continuous expansion of these cities, the problem of parking spaces is also increasing. The problem is very simple- the increase in the number of cars is indirectly proportional with the available parking areas. The increased number of cars on the road does not match with the parking areas that cities hold.
Some of the major reasons for parking problems faced by Indian metropolises today are:
· Improper tariff structure
An unregulated tariff structure leads to a scarcity of parking spaces. In Indian metros, parking is either free or minimally priced which is not regulated for many years. For example, In Sarojini Nagar in Delhi, parking price is about Rs. 20 per hour with a standard fee of Rs. 100 for 24 hours, making parking even cheaper.
But why is unregulated or low tariffs even a problem? This is because low priced or free parking encourages the people to get their own cars on the road thus leading to an increased number of cars on roads which have less parking spaces.
· On-Street vs. Off-Street Parking
Another problem is high demand for on-street parking because it’s cheaper than off-street parking. On-street parking generally causes delays and people prefer to park their vehicles on the road. Parking cars on the road leads to increased chances of fines and car towing.
Another problem arises due to a lack of parking spaces is cruising i.e. vehicles looking for a parking space causing long queues and waiting lines. So, when free on-street parking is not available, drivers choose to cruise instead of paying for parking.
· Parking in residential areas
Residential areas always face a problem of less parking space mainly because of two reasons- Increased population which leads to increased number of cars and the construction of parking spaces. The construction of parking is generally unfit for the total numbers of cars available in a particular residential area.
· Parking on special occasions
In Indian cities where special occasions like festivals, concerts, college fests etc are given so much importance leads to increased traffic. The number of cars on the road have increased resulting in reduction in available parking spaces. This leads to more cruising, chaos, quarrels and long queues than usual. For instance, during Durga Puja in Kolkata, almost the entire city is out, which spells trouble for parking availability.
· Increased cars but no space
The biggest problem is the number of vehicles is more than that of existing parking spaces, thus it leads to clogging of roads.Incidences of violence over occupancy, deformed cars due to a space crunch, and overcharging for parking are some problems.
It isn’t possible to reduce the number of cars on the road or practically possible to reframe the existing parking areas in these cities. But what could be done is we can digitalize the parking spaces making it easily available for the people. An effective technology-based solution must be employed to optimize the use of available spaces. Using sensor and software, smart parking solutions can provide both parking operators and drivers with a real-time map of available spaces.
PARWHEELS is one such company that is on a mission to changing the way we park our cars along with providing smart parking solutions based on the RFID technology. Their automated car parking system is best suited for office buildings, gated communities, apartments, malls and hospitals.